It originated from the lands between the Godavari and Krishna rivers and was based at Amaravathi and Dharanikota. Kakatiya dynasty Ramagiri Fort ruins at Kalvacherla in Karimnagar district is an ancient fort initially built by the Sathavahanas and modified many times by other dynasties till 16th century Kota Gullu , temple ruins built in the 12th century by Kakatiyas at Ghanpur, Mulug in warangal district The Telangana area experienced its golden age during the reign of the Kakatiya dynasty , which ruled most parts of the present-day Andhra Pradesh and Telangana from to CE. The dynasty weakened with the attack of Malik Kafur in and was dissolved after the defeat of Prataparudra by the forces of Muhammad bin Tughluq in On 21 September , the Golkonda Sultanate came under the rule of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb after a year-long siege of the Golkonda fort. He was later recalled to Delhi, with Mubariz Khan appointed as the viceroy. In , Qamar-ud-din Khan defeated Mubariz Khan to reclaim the Deccan suba, establishing it as an autonomous province of the Mughal empire. He took the name Asif Jah, starting what came to be known as the Asif Jahi dynasty.
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Situated in the heart of the city, Charminar stands at the height of 46 m and is popularly called the Arc de Triomphe of the East. The history of the monument establishes Charminar as an important symbol of brotherhood and communal harmony. The markets surrounding Charminar are very popular and frequently visited by tourists from different parts of the country. Religious One of the oldest and biggest mosques in the country, this mosque was built by Md.
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The city and district of Hyderabad are coterminous. Many of the suburbs of Hyderabad were recently merged into the city, now called Greater Hyderabad. The city that immediately hits the eye is a sprawling metropolis of shopping malls and office buildings with glass facades. The whole of the city seems to be under construction or renovation and the roads are jammed because flyovers are being constructed.
The “old city” that was once the seat of the Nizam, the ruler of the largest and the most opulent “princely state”, and the twin city of Secunderabad where the British maintained a cantonment to keep the army within striking distance of the Nizam can be seen only if you take the time out to see them. In , he ordered the construction of the Charminar, reportedly in gratitude to Allah for cutting short a plague epidemic before it could do too much damage.
He appointed his governor as ruler of the region and granted him the title of Nizam-ul-Mulk. Asaf Jah ate only seven, and the holy man prophesied that his dynasty would last for seven generations. Sure enough, the seventh ruler in the dynasty was the last. Hyderabad ended up as the capital of the largest princely state in British India. The British maintained their army in nearby Secunderabad to protect the Nizam and to ensure that he did not do any mischief.
Hyderabad state was the richest in the country and in the s Time magazine rated the Nizam the richest man in the world. In , with India’s independence, the seventh Nizam was reluctant to cede his principality to the newly independent India, preferring Pakistan instead. India sent in its troops and the year old prophesy was fulfilled.
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Monuments of Telangana includes heritage structures starting from Warangal Fort to Warangal Toranas of Kakatiya times, to the Buddhist Biharas of Phanigiri of early times or the mosques built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar , Jahangir , Shah Jahan , Aurangzeb and in modern times, the Nizams. Charminar Charminar was built in which serves as the major landmark of Hyderabad. Charminar is a monument and mosque located in Hyderabad, which is the capital city of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.
The landmark has become a global icon of Hyderabad and is listed among the most recognized structures of India.
Hyderabad. Hyderabad, the capital city of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana is famous for its rich history and tradition. Its culture and historical tradition dates back to years Known as the Pearl City that retains its ancient culture, today Hyderabad has grown in leaps and bounds in the field of technology.
Hyderabad is located on the banks of the Musi River around artificial lakes. In , the estimated population of Hyderabad is 8. Hyderabad has an estimated population of 8. The GHMC has a population of 10 million, which makes it the 6th most populous urban agglomeration in India. The GHMC’s population has grown from 7. Among the foreigners in the city, Hadhrami Arabs represent the majority, with sizeable populations of African Arabs, Armenians, Abyssinians, Iranians, Pathans and Turkish people.
Hinduism is the most common religion practiced in the city There are at least 1, slums in Hyderabad with a population of at least 1. The remaining people live in tenements. After the empire fell apart in the 11th century, it came under the rule of the Kakatiya dynasty, which was reduced to a vassal of the Khilji dynasty in the early 14th century.
This lasted very briefly and the Sultanate of Delhi took control in AD. The modern history of the city started in when Sultan Quli Qut-ul-Mulk declared independence from the Bahmani Sultanate. In , Hyderabad was built on the Musi River.
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C during the reign of Ashoka the Great. The capital of Andhra Ikshvaku dynasty was the town of Nagarjunakonda in modern-day Guntur district and named after Nagarjuna , a southern Indian master of Mahayana Buddhism who lived in the 2nd century AD, who is believed to have been responsible for the Buddhist activity in the area. Medieval history[ edit ] Various Buddhist and Hindu kingdoms ruled the area during the subsequent centuries. The area was ruled by the Kalyani branch of the Chalukya kings.
When the Chalukya kingdom became weaker, Kakatiyas , who were feudal chieftains of Chalukya, declared independence and set up their kingdom around Warangal. The Kakatiyas build the Golkonda Fort in the vicinity of Hyderabad as part of their western defenses along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort. The fort was rebuilt and strengthened by Rani Rudrama Devi and her successor Prataparudra.
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See Article History Alternative Titles: Andhra, Telengana, Telingana Telangana, also spelled Telengana or Telingana, constituent state of south-central India. It is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north, Chhattisgarh and Odisha to the northeast, Andhra Pradesh to the southeast and south, and Karnataka to the west. The area of what is now Telangana constituted the north-central and northeastern portions of Andhra Pradesh for almost six decades, but on June 2, , that territory was calved off to form a separate state.
Land Telangana is situated largely in an upland region of the Deccan peninsular India. The average elevation of the plateau area is about 1, feet metres , higher in the west and southwest and sloping downward toward the east and northeast, where it meets the discontinuous line of the Eastern Ghats ranges.
The Charminar (“Four Minarets”), constructed in , is a monument and mosque located in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. The landmark has become a global icon of Hyderabad, listed among the most recognized structures of India.
A multitude of influences have shaped the character of the city. Its palaces and buildings, houses and tenements, gardens and streets have a history and an architectural individuality of their own. This land of 75 million people has an inimitable heritage dating back to times immemorial. Various Hindu kingdoms like the Kakatiyas ruled the area for many centuries, and the region was claimed by both Hindu and Muslim leaders until the late 14th century, when Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah consolidated power and established the fortress city of Golconda nearby.
Quli Qutb Shah also ordered the construction of the Char Minar, one of the most famous monuments in the city, in The Qutb Shahi dynasty founded and ruled the Kingdom of Golconda, one of the five kingdoms that emerged after the break up of the Bahmani Sultanate. All seven Qutb Shahi sultans were patrons of learning and were great builders. They contributed to the growth and development of Indo-Persian and Indo-Islamic literature and culture in Hyderabad.
During the Qutb Shahi reign Golconda became one of the leading markets in the world for diamonds, pearls, steel, arms, and also printed fabric. In the 16th century, the city grew spontaneously to accommodate the surplus population of Golconda, which was the capital of the Qutb Shahi rulers. As the empire weakened in the 18th century, provincial officials gained greater autonomy.
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History[ edit ] Charminar during repair works – August The fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty , Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah , built the Charminar in after shifting his capital from Golkonda to the newly formed city of Hyderabad. However, it is widely accepted that Charminar was built at the center of the city, to commemorate the eradication of Cholera”, a deadly disease which was wide spread at that time. The event was celebrated far and wide in the Islamic world , thus Qutb Shah founded the city of Hyderabad to celebrate the event and commemorate it with the construction of this building.
Towards the north of Charminar is the Char Kaman , or four gateways, constructed in the cardinal direction. The structure itself was intended to serve as a Mosque and Madarsa.
Charminar is a monument and mosque located in Hyderabad, which is the capital city of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. The landmark has become a global icon of Hyderabad and is listed among the most recognized structures of India.
See Article History Andhra Pradesh, state of India , located in the southeastern part of the subcontinent. It is bounded by the Indian states of Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka to the southwest and west, Telangana to the northwest and north, and Odisha to the northeast. The eastern boundary is a mile km coastline along the Bay of Bengal. Telangana was a region within Andhra Pradesh for almost six decades, but in it was carved off to form a separate state.
The state draws its name from the Andhra people, who have inhabited the area since antiquity and developed their own language, Telugu. Andhra Pradesh came into existence in its present form in as a result of the demand of the Andhras for a separate state. Although it is primarily agricultural, the state has some mining activity and a significant amount of industry. Area , square miles , square km.
Land Relief, drainage, and soils The state has three main physiographic regions: The coastal plain, also known as the Andhra region, runs almost the entire length of the state and is watered by several rivers, flowing from west to east through the hills into the bay. The deltas formed by the most important of those rivers—the Godavari and the Krishna —make up the central part of the plains, an area of fertile alluvial soil.
India became independent in , and in Hyderabad State was incorporated into it, acquiring a new national language, Hindi Hindustani written in Sanskrit script. In the federal reorganization of Indian states along linguistic lines made Hyderabad city the capital of the Telugu-speaking state of Andhra Pradesh. The former state’s Kannada-speaking districts went to Karnataka and the Marathi-speaking districts, in , to Maharashtra.
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In Hyderabad you can rent motorcycles and scooters to get around city and outstation trips. By Tourist Bus[ edit ] The Telangana Tourism department runs a hop- on hop- off [ ] bus service that takes one around the city. On foot[ edit ] Hyderabad’s interesting districts are fairly spread out, but are enjoyable to explore by foot on their own. The Old City is composed of a maze of disorienting alleyways that expand outward from the Charminar. Getting lost in the markets where you can buy anything from hand-sequined saris to freshly slaughtered goats and alleyways in the Old City can make for a thoroughly enjoyable afternoon.
The famous Chudi Bazaar Lad Bazaar across from the Charminar is a chaotic tumble of goods, people, animals and vehicles are navigated quickly on foot. The Chowmahalla palace and the Mecca Masjid are both easily accessed from the Charminar. Please note that walking can be hazardous in Hyderabad. It is common for roads to be missing pavement, or simply unpaved, and bikes and autorickshaws may go to right up to the edge of the road and climb any barrier to get ahead in traffic.
Walking alongside and crossing the road can be very dangerous and it is important to stay alert for erratic driving. It is always advisable to use the foot-over bridge if there is one available. Old city[ edit ] Charminar Old city is the historical region of Hyderabad. Most of the historical attractions are situated in the old city. Literally “Four minarets”, this structure was built at the very spot at which Quli Qutb Shah prayed for the end to the plague epidemic.
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Liens utiles Frankfurt is the business and financial centre of Germany and the largest city in the German state of Hesse. The city is known for its futuristic skyline and the busiest German airport. Located on the river Main, Frankfurt is the financial capital of Continental Europe and the transportation centre of Germany. But there is more to this city than pure business. Getting around Frankfurt is relatively compact and most of its major sights can be accessed on foot. If your feet begin to tire, make use of the extensive network of buses, trams, S-Bahn and U-Bahn lines that link up pretty much all parts of the city.
Purchase tickets in advance or prepare to cough up a fine. Not on the riverside strip but also of note is the Goethe House. Few places in the city can conjure up the haunting plight of the Jewish people of Frankfurt quite so poignantly as the Jewish Cemetery, where tight-knit clusters of gravestones dating from between the 13th and 19th centuries compete for space.